If you are a coffee drinker, you probably know all about the difference between arabica and robusta beans, dark and light roasting, caffeine and decaffeinated coffee.
You’ve probably noticed that just hearing the coffee can give you a boost of energy before taking your first sip, but not enough to blow that cup of coffee.
Coffee is clearly an extremely popular and widely consumed beverage, so you won’t be surprised to learn that coffee is the second best-selling product in the world (after oil), with 25 million farmers in over 50 countries involved in its production.
But what do you know about coffee history and science? Get ready for a fascinating look behind the curtain of your morning recovery.
7. The most expensive coffee in the world costs up to $ 600 per pound
For so much money, it’s something really special. We think it’s a word: this coffee is extracted from the feces of a wild Sumatran cat called the civet. Animals love berries but are unable to digest beans.
The beans are fermented in the animal’s stomach before being excreted. This apparently produces a smooth coffee, without chocolate, without bitterness once the beans are collected in the faeces (and, suppose, washed). To each his own sense, we imagine.
6. It only grows well near the equator
Today most of the coffee is grown in Brazil, which produces 40% of the world supply. This is twice as much as the producers of the second and third place, Colombia and Vietnam. The only state in the United States that cultivates coffee in commerce is Hawaii, with its distinctive Kona beans.
Each of these places benefits from the heat and humidity associated with the equatorial regions throughout the year, a particularly preferred climate of the coffee berry. In fact, the area between 25 degrees north and 30 degrees south has been dubbed the “bean band” for this reason.
5. Coffee has been banned many times throughout history
As world governments became more advanced, so were efforts to discourage everyone. Coffee was banned in Mecca in 1511 because the officials were convinced that it caused a radical reflection.
Italian clerics took a further step towards the end of the 16th century by labeling satanic coffee. In 1623, Ottoman leader Murad IV decided to institute penalties for coffee consumption, such as being beaten or thrown overboard.
The Swedish government made it illegal to own coffee accessories in 1746, which included cups and plates that could theoretically be used for other purposes.
Another attempt to ban coffee took place in 1777, when Frederick the Great of Prussia banned coffee because he was worried about beer sales. But as we know, nothing could stop the packaged train that is coffee consumption. (And even beer is going well.)
4. Shepherds discovered coffee in Ethiopia around 800 A.D.
Legend has it that the shepherds of the early 9th century noticed that their goats seemed to dance after eating coffee berries. A local monk had the idea of drinking something with the berries and, after drinking, it was predictable all night. This event marks the birth of the original cup of coffee, but during the first use of coffee in general, the berries were mixed with fat to create an energy-rich snack.
If you prefer your story to be codified, the first written record of the coffee plant comes from Yemen at the end of the fifteenth century. After the discovery of the factory, coffee was exported very quickly to the rest of the world. Culture began in the 1600s.
3. Coffee stays hotter when cream is added
And now let’s talk a little about coffee science. By adding the cream to your beer, you keep it warmer longer, even if the initial addition of cold cream cools it down a bit.
Overall, cream coffee cools 20% slower than black. This is true for two reasons. First of all, the darker the drink, the faster it releases heat. And secondly, the more the drink is viscous (the coffee cream is thicker than the black coffee), the more heat is released slowly.
There is also evidence that caffeine in coffee with a milk additive (milk or cream) is absorbed more slowly by the body. This can reduce zing while you remove it. However, it has not decreased much and other factors play a greater role in the rate of caffeine metabolism, including the amount of fiber you also have in your stomach.
2. Coffee is a fruit
The “coffee beans” we use are actually seeds. More precisely, it is the core of a stone fruit that looks like a cherry. Cultivated on shrubs, coffee cherries contain two seeds put together. About 10-15% of the cherries in coffee have only one seed, which is called blackberry. It is commonly accepted that blueberry seeds have more taste, although there is no real evidence of this claim.
But what happens to the cherry when its seeds are extracted? Unfortunately, up to 46 billion pounds are thrown away.
Concerned about waste, some companies are starting to produce a product called coffee flour, based on dried fruit. It is said to have a nutty and slightly bitter taste, with so much caffeine than dark chocolate. But the nutritional benefits are the real surprise. Coffee flour is a rich source of fiber, antioxidants, iron, protein and potassium.
1. Coffee is healthy
And finally, you don’t have to feel bad to drink so much. Many coffee drinkers feel guilty about their habit, but this should not stem from the quality of the drink itself. Obviously, if you spend half your food budget on Starbucks or pour a cup of sugar a day into each cup, it’s not so good.
But even coffee drinkers benefit from this health habit. The coffee itself has high levels of antioxidants in addition to potassium, manganese and B vitamins.
And research shows that caffeine in coffee offers protection against Alzheimer’s disease, type 2 diabetes and Parkinson’s disease. Women also seem to have a lower risk of skin cancer when they consume caffeine regularly.
So the next time you share a cup of coffee with a new friend or an uncomfortable silence falls on the breakfast table, you’ll have lots of interesting things to share about coffee.
And don’t let anyone bother you with your little habit: coffee is an addiction you can rely on. In fact, if you want to help save the planet, buy some coffee flour as well.